Aimee Gardner, PhD
Visiting Professor, Surgery-GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery

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Graduate Schools :
  • MA, University of Akron (2010)
  • PhD, University of Akron (2013)
Undergraduate School:
  • BA, University of Arkansas (AR) (2008)
Department: Surgery-GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery

Professional Titles

  • Associate Dean for Faculty Development
  • Director, Academy of Medical Educators

Recognition & Awards

  • U.S. Scholar Award, Fulbright Fellowship Program (2024)
  • 1st Place, Education Hackathon, Baylor College of Medicine (2023)
  • Norton Rose Fulbright Faculty Excellence Award in Educational Leadership, Baylor College of Medicine (2022)
  • Fellow, Association for Medical Education in Europe (2022)
  • Houston Innovator to Know, Houston Innovation Map (2022)
  • Miriam Friedman Ben-David Educator Award, Association for Medical Education in Europe (2021)
  • Norton Rose Fulbright Faculty Excellence Award in Educational Research, Baylor College of Medicine (2020)
  • Best Research Paper Award, Association of Medical Education in Europe (2019)
  • Paper of Distinction Award, Association for Surgical Education (2016)
  • Paper of Distinction Award, Association for Surgical Education (2015)
  • Best Paper Award, Academy of Management (2008)
  • Marie Wilson Howells Outstanding Psychology Student Award, University of Arkansas (2008)

Research Interests

Medical Education, Assessment, Selection, Faculty Development, Simulation


  • Gardner AK, Kaji AH, Boermeester M. Practical Guide to Surgical Simulation Research. JAMA Surg. 2024 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 38170511
  • Gardner AK, Rodgers DL, Steinert Y, Davis R, Condron C, Peterson DT, Rohra A, Viggers S, Eppich WJ, Reedy G. Mapping the Terrain of Faculty Development for Simulation: A Scoping Review. Simul Healthc. 2024 Jan 1;19(1S):S75-S89. PubMed PMID: 38240621
  • Chen J, Costa P, Gardner AK. Do you see what I see? Exploring differences in organizational culture perceptions across residency programs. Global Surg Educ 2024; 3: 34.
  • Gardner AK, Costa P. Predicting Surgical Resident Performance With Situational Judgment Tests. Acad Med. 2024 Feb 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 38412475
  • Gardner AK, AbdelFattah K. Getting better all the time? Facilitating accurate team self- assessments through simulation. BMJ Sim Tech Enhanc Educ 2020; 6: 31-34.
  • Campbell K, Gardner A, Scott DJ, Johnson J, Harvey J, Kazley A. Interprofessional staff perspectives on the adoption of or black box technology and simulations to improve patient safety: a multi-methods survey. Adv Simul (Lond). 2023 Oct 25;8(1):24. PubMed PMID: 37880765
  • Chen JH, Costa P, Gardner AK. Maximizing Standardization While Ensuring Equity: Exploring the Role of Applicant Experiences, Attributes, and Metrics on Performance of a Surgery-Specific Situational Judgment Test. J Surg Educ. 2023 Nov;80(11):1703-1710. PubMed PMID: 37365117
  • Keyes SA, Gardner A. Autonomy lessons: Tips and tricks for building self-determination through the lens of a first time principal investigator. Med Teach. 2023 Oct;45(10):1129-1133. PubMed PMID: 36972690
  • Gardner AK, Steinert Y, Davis RC, Condron C, Peterson DT, Rodgers D, Viggers S, Eppich W, Ouellette L, Reedy G. Mapping the terrain of simulation faculty development: Protocol for a scoping review. Int J Sim Healthcare 2023.
  • Gardner AK, Costa P, Willis RE. Getting on the Same Page: The Impact of Interviewer Education and Structured Interviews on Interrater Agreement in Residency Interviews. J Surg Educ. 2022 Nov-Dec;79(6):e12-e16. PubMed PMID: 35803882
  • Cavanaugh KJ, Costa PL, Willis RE, Dunkin BJ, Gardner AK. Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder? Differences in Residency Training Program Preferences Among Women and Minorities. J Surg Educ. 2022 Mar-Apr;79(2):309-314. PubMed PMID: 34666933
  • Chen J, Gardner AK. Promoting inclusive environments through best practices in demographic survey design. Global Surg Educ 2022; 1: 47.
  • Lund S, D’Angelo J, Gardner AK, Stulak J, Rivera M. Effect of formative compared to summative simulated skills assessments on general surgery resident motivation. Global Surg Educ 2022; 1: 55.
  • Chen J, Costa P, Gardner AK. Examination of the Feedback Orientation Scale in residency selection. Global Surg Educ 2022; 1: 72.
  • Gardner AK, Willis RE. Measuring the fire in their hearts: Assessing passion for the profession among students pursuing surgical careers. Global Surg Educ 2022; 1: 6-10.
  • Weis HB, Weis JJ, Dorsey O, Napier RH, Wooldridge R, Sharma R, Gardner AK, Zeh HJ 3rd, AbdelFattah KR. The Relationship Between Surgeon Faculty Emotional Intelligence and Medical Student Evaluations. J Surg Educ. 2021 Mar-Apr;78(2):604-611. PubMed PMID: 32900661
  • Costa P, Harris L, Rothstein DH, Beckman M, Flynn W, Hoffman A, Lukan J, Gardner A, Cavanaugh K, Dunkin B, Schwaitzberg SD. Dissecting a department of surgery: Exploring organizational culture and competency expectations. Am J Surg. 2021 Feb;221(2):298-302. PubMed PMID: 33189315
  • Reed BN, Noel ZR, Heil EL, Shipper AG, Gardner AK. Surveying the selection landscape: A review of processes for selecting postgraduate year 1 pharmacy residents and their implications. J Am Coll Clin Pharm 2021; 4: 245-256.
  • Gupta R, DeSandro S, Doherty NA, Gardner AK, Pillow MT. Medical and physician assistant student competence in basic life support: Opportunities to improve cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. West J Emerg Med 2021; 22: 101-107.
  • Costa PC, Gardner AK. Strategies to increase diversity in surgical residency. Curr Surg Rep 2021; 9; 1-6.
  • Weis HB, Pickett ML, Weis JJ, Dorsey O, Bailey LW, Gardner AK, Napier R, AbdelFattah KR. Faculty Emotional Intelligence Matters for Resident Education. J Surg Educ. 2020 Sep-Oct;77(5):1132-1137. PubMed PMID: 32522560
  • Gardner AK, Cavanaugh KJ, Willis RE, Dunkin BJ. Can Better Selection Tools Help Us Achieve Our Diversity Goals in Postgraduate Medical Education? Comparing Use of USMLE Step 1 Scores and Situational Judgment Tests at 7 Surgical Residencies. Acad Med. 2020 May;95(5):751-757. PubMed PMID: 31764083
  • Gardner AK, Cavanaugh KJ, Willis RE, Dent D, Reinhart H, Williams M, Truitt MS, Scott BG, Dunkin BJ. Great Expectations? Future Competency Requirements Among Candidates Entering Surgery Training. J Surg Educ. 2020 Mar-Apr;77(2):267-272. PubMed PMID: 31606376
  • Gardner AK, Harris TB. Beyond Numbers: Achieving Equity, Inclusion, and Excellence. Ann Surg. 2020 Mar;271(3):425-426. PubMed PMID: 31348042
  • Anton NE, Gardner AK, Stefanidis D. Priorities in surgical simulation research: What do the experts say?. Am J Surg. 2020 Jul;220(1):95-99. PubMed PMID: 31672307
  • Ritter EM, Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ, Schultz L, Pryor AD, Feldman L. Video-based assessment for laparoscopic fundoplication: initial development of a robust tool for operative performance assessment. Surg Endosc. 2020 Jul;34(7):3176-3183. PubMed PMID: 31512036
  • Keyes SA, Gardner A. Educating physician-assistant students as agents of lifestyle medicine. Clin Teach. 2020 Dec;17(6):638-643. PubMed PMID: 32253792
  • Feldman LS, Pryor AD, Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ, Schultz L, Awad MM, Ritter EM. SAGES Video-Based Assessment (VBA) program: a vision for life-long learning for surgeons. Surg Endosc. 2020 Aug;34(8):3285-3288. PubMed PMID: 32415370
  • Gardner AK. Applying selection science to the surgical community. The Industrial Organizational Psychologist 2020.
  • Nepomnayshy D, Whitledge J, Fitzgibbons S, Nijjar B, Gardner A, Alseidi A, Birkett R, Deal S, Duvra RR, Anton N, Stefanidis D. Advanced laparoscopic skills: Understanding the relationship between simulation-based practice and clinical performance. Am J Surg. 2019 Sep;218(3):527-532. PubMed PMID: 30765163
  • Gardner AK, Cavanaugh KJ, Willis RE, Dunkin BJ. If You Build It, Will They Come? Candidate Completion of Preinterview Screening Assessments. J Surg Educ. 2019 Nov-Dec;76(6):1534-1538. PubMed PMID: 31160211
  • Lim G, Gardner AK. Emotional Intelligence and Delivering Bad News: The Jury is Still Out. J Surg Educ. 2019 May-Jun;76(3):779-784. PubMed PMID: 30401616
  • Dunkin BJ, Gardner AK. Reducing the Burden of Fellowship Interviews. JAMA. 2019 Mar 19;321(11):1106-1107. PubMed PMID: 30874748
  • Miller M, Mullen A, Gardner A. What clinical rotation factors have an impact on trainee success?. Clin Teach. 2019 Jun;16(3):263-268. PubMed PMID: 30216707
  • Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ. Pursuing Excellence: The Power of Selection Science to Provide Meaningful Data and Enhance Efficiency in Selecting Surgical Trainees. Ann Surg. 2019 Jul;270(1):188-192. PubMed PMID: 29727333
  • Gardner AK, Timberlake MD, Dunkin BJ. Faculty Development for the Operating Room: An Examination of the Effectiveness of an Intraoperative Teaching Course for Surgeons. Ann Surg. 2019 Jan;269(1):184-190. PubMed PMID: 28817439
  • Steinemann S, Gardner A, Aulet T, Fitzgibbons S, Campbell A, Acton R. American College of surgeons /Association for Surgical Education Medical Student Simulation-based Surgical Skills Curriculum: Alignment with Entrustable Professional Activities. Am J Surg. 2019 Feb;217(2):198-204. PubMed PMID: 30497660
  • Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ. Applicant perceptions of new selection systems are a function of their performance in the selection procedure. Am J Surg. 2019 Feb;217(2):272-275. PubMed PMID: 30297126
  • Kucera W, Nealeigh M, Dunkin B, Ritter EM, Gardner A. The SAGES flexible endoscopy course for fellows: a worthwhile investment in furthering surgical endoscopy. Surg Endosc. 2019 Apr;33(4):1189-1195. PubMed PMID: 30167950
  • Wright DB, Mullen AM, Gardner AK. Does student-led faculty development have a place in health professions education? MedEdPublish 2019; 8, [1], 34.
  • Boe BE, Gardner AK. Examining the competency of recent graduates of an orthotics and prosthetics training program. J Prosthetics Orthotics 2019; 31: 16-22
  • Gardner AK, Gee D, Ahmed RA. Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) for Simulation Leaders: The Time Has Come. J Surg Educ. 2018 Sep-Oct;75(5):1137-1139. PubMed PMID: 29653840
  • Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ. How We Measure Surgical Trainee Performance Matters-Reply. JAMA Surg. 2018 Sep 1;153(9):865. PubMed PMID: 29898213
  • Barnett M, Pillow MT, Carnell J, Rohra A, DeSandro S, Gardner AK. Informing the Revolution: A Needs Assessment of Ultrasound Knowledge and Skills Among Graduating Physician Assistant Students. J Physician Assist Educ. 2018 Sep;29(3):173-176. PubMed PMID: 30086123
  • Timberlake MD, Stefanidis D, Gardner AK. Examining the impact of surgical coaching on trainee physiologic response and basic skill acquisition. Surg Endosc. 2018 Oct;32(10):4183-4190. PubMed PMID: 29602994
  • Gardner AK, Smink DS, Scott BG, Korndorffer JR Jr, Harrington D, Ritter EM. How Much Are We Spending on Resident Selection?. J Surg Educ. 2018 Nov;75(6):e85-e90. PubMed PMID: 30366686
  • Gardner AK, Dunkin BJ. Evaluation of Validity Evidence for Personality, Emotional Intelligence, and Situational Judgment Tests to Identify Successful Residents. JAMA Surg. 2018 May 1;153(5):409-416. PubMed PMID: 29282462
  • Gardner AK, Grantcharov T, Dunkin BJ. The Science of Selection: Using Best Practices From Industry to Improve Success in Surgery Training. J Surg Educ. 2018 Mar-Apr;75(2):278-285. PubMed PMID: 28751186
  • Franklin BR, Placek SB, Gardner AK, Korndorffer JR Jr, Wagner MD, Pearl JP, Ritter EM. Preparing for the American Board of Surgery Flexible Endoscopy Curriculum: Development of multi-institutional proficiency-based training standards and pilot testing of a simulation-based mastery learning curriculum for the Endoscopy Training System. Am J Surg. 2018 Jul;216(1):167-173. PubMed PMID: 28974312
  • Gardner AK, D'Onofrio BC, Dunkin BJ. Can We Get Faculty Interviewers on the Same Page? An Examination of a Structured Interview Course for Surgeons. J Surg Educ. 2018 Jan-Feb;75(1):72-77. PubMed PMID: 28625496
  • Gardner AK. How Can Best Practices in Recruitment and Selection Improve Diversity in Surgery?. Ann Surg. 2018 Jan;267(1):e1-e2. PubMed PMID: 28922209
  • Ritter EM, Taylor ZA, Wolf KR, Franklin BR, Placek SB, Korndorffer JR Jr, Gardner AK. Simulation-based mastery learning for endoscopy using the endoscopy training system: a strategy to improve endoscopic skills and prepare for the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) manual skills exam. Surg Endosc. 2018 Jan;32(1):413-420. PubMed PMID: 28698900
  • Gardner AK, Ujiki MB, Dunkin BJ. Passing the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam: linking specialty choice and attitudes about endoscopic surgery to success. Surg Endosc. 2018 Jan;32(1):225-228. PubMed PMID: 28639045
  • Joshi K, Hernandez J, Martinez J, AbdelFattah K, Gardner AK. Should they stay or should they go now? Exploring the impact of team familiarity on interprofessional team training outcomes. Am J Surg. 2018 Feb;215(2):243-249. PubMed PMID: 29132646
  • Ritter EM, Lineberry M, Hashimoto DA, Gee D, Guzzetta AA, Scott DJ, Gardner AK. Simulation-based mastery learning significantly reduces gender differences on the Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery performance exam. Surg Endosc. 2018 Dec;32(12):5006-5011. PubMed PMID: 30014324
  • Gardner AK, Lim G, Minard CG, Guffey D, Pillow MT. A Cross-Specialty Examination of Resident Error Disclosure and Communication Skills Using Simulation. J Grad Med Educ. 2018 Aug;10(4):438-441. PubMed PMID: 30154976
  • Gardner AK. The Lessons We Learned From Each Other. Acad Med. 2018 Apr;93(4):611. PubMed PMID: 30248084
  • AbdelFattah KR, Spalding MC, Leshikar D, Gardner AK. Team-based simulations for new surgeons: Does early and often make a difference?. Surgery. 2018 Apr;163(4):912-915. PubMed PMID: 29229317
  • Ahmed RA, Hughes P, Gardner AK. Simulation scenario rehearsal: The key to successful and effective simulations. BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn 2018; 4: 157-158.
  • Anton NE, Gardner AK, Stefanidis D. Priorities in surgical simulation research: What do the experts say? J Am Coll Surg 2018; 227: e53.
  • Gardner AK, Waters V, McLaughlin RJ. What Do Faculty in Health Professions Need to be Competent Educators? Results from a School-Wide Needs Assessment. J Allied Health. 2017 Winter;46(4):e77-e80. PubMed PMID: 29202168
  • Gardner AK, Johnston M, Korndorffer JR Jr, Haque I, Paige JT. Using Simulation to Improve Systems-Based Practices. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2017 Sep;43(9):484-491. PubMed PMID: 28844234
  • Keyes S, Gardner A. Should Lifestyle Medicine Be a Core Curricular Component for Physician Assistant Students?. J Physician Assist Educ. 2017 Sep;28(3):125-126. PubMed PMID: 28762993
  • Gardner AK, AbdelFattah K. Comparison of simulation-based assessments and faculty ratings for general surgery resident milestone evaluation: Are they telling the same story?. Am J Surg. 2017 Sep;214(3):547-553. PubMed PMID: 28668291
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ, AbdelFattah KR. Do great teams think alike? An examination of team mental models and their impact on team performance. Surgery. 2017 May;161(5):1203-1208. PubMed PMID: 28063607
  • Nassour I, Spalding MC, Hynan LS, Gardner AK, Williams BH. The surgeon-performed ultrasound: a curriculum to improve residents' basic ultrasound knowledge. J Surg Res. 2017 Jun 1;213:51-59. PubMed PMID: 28601332
  • Gardner AK, Steffes CP, Nepomnayshy D, Nicholas C, Widmann WD, Fitzgibbons SC, Dunkin BJ, Jones DB, Paige JT. Selection bias: Examining the feasibility, utility, and participant receptivity to incorporating simulation into the general surgery residency selection process. Am J Surg. 2017 Jun;213(6):1171-1177. PubMed PMID: 28029374
  • Vyasa P, Willis RE, Dunkin BJ, Gardner AK. Are General Surgery Residents Accurate Assessors of Their Own Flexible Endoscopy Skills?. J Surg Educ. 2017 Jan-Feb;74(1):23-29. PubMed PMID: 27522346
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ, Willis RE, Van Sickle K, Truitt MS, Uecker J, Brown KM, Marks JM, Dunkin BJ. Is current surgery resident and GI fellow training adequate to pass FES?. Surg Endosc. 2017 Jan;31(1):352-358. PubMed PMID: 27287896
  • Gardner AK, Marks JM, Pauli EM, Majumder A, Dunkin BJ. Changing attitudes and improving skills: demonstrating the value of the SAGES flexible endoscopy course for fellows. Surg Endosc. 2017 Jan;31(1):147-152. PubMed PMID: 27139705
  • Mellinger JD, Williams RG, Sanfey H, Fryer JP, DaRosa D, George BC, Bohnen JD, Schuller MC, Sandhu G, Minter RM, Gardner AK, Scott DJ. Teaching and assessing operative skills: From theory to practice. Curr Probl Surg. 2017 Feb;54(2):44-81. PubMed PMID: 28212782
  • Clanton J, Gardner A, Subichin M, McAlvanah P, Hardy W, Shah A, Porter J. Patient Hand-Off iNitiation and Evaluation (PHONE) study: A randomized trial of patient handoff methods. Am J Surg. 2017 Feb;213(2):299-306. PubMed PMID: 27998549
  • Bilgic E, Watanabe Y, Nepomnayshy D, Gardner A, Fitzgibbons S, Ghaderi I, Alseidi A, Stefanidis D, Paige J, Seymour N, McKendy KM, Birkett R, Whitledge J, Kane E, Anton NE, Vassiliou MC. Multicenter proficiency benchmarks for advanced laparoscopic suturing tasks. Am J Surg. 2017 Feb;213(2):217-221. PubMed PMID: 27776755
  • Gardner AK, Kosemund M, Hogg D, Heymann A, Martinez J. Setting goals, not just roles: Improving teamwork through goal-focused debriefing. Am J Surg. 2017 Feb;213(2):249-252. PubMed PMID: 27765182
  • Gardner AK, Kosemund M, Martinez J. Examining the Feasibility and Predictive Validity of the SAGAT Tool to Assess Situation Awareness Among Medical Trainees. Simul Healthc. 2017 Feb;12(1):17-21. PubMed PMID: 27504889
  • Timberlake MD, Mayo HG, Scott L, Weis J, Gardner AK. What Do We Know About Intraoperative Teaching?: A Systematic Review. Ann Surg. 2017 Aug;266(2):251-259. PubMed PMID: 28059834
  • Gardner AK, Clanton J, Jabbour II, Scott L, Scott DJ, Russo MA. Impact of seductive details on the acquisition and transfer of laparoscopic suturing skills: Emotionally interesting or cognitively taxing?. Surgery. 2016 Sep;160(3):580-5. PubMed PMID: 27377956
  • Gardner AK, Russo MA, Jabbour II, Kosemund M, Scott DJ. Frame-of-reference training for simulation-based intraoperative communication assessment. Am J Surg. 2016 Sep;212(3):548-551.e2. PubMed PMID: 27372147
  • Gardner AK, Ritter EM, Paige JT, Ahmed RA, Fernandez G, Dunkin BJ. Simulation-Based Selection of Surgical Trainees: Considerations, Challenges, and Opportunities. J Am Coll Surg. 2016 Sep;223(3):530-6. PubMed PMID: 27321389
  • Gardner AK, DeMoya MA, Tinkoff GH, Brown KM, Garcia GD, Miller GT, Zaidel BW, Korndorffer JR Jr, Scott DJ, Sachdeva AK. Using simulation for disaster preparedness. Surgery. 2016 Sep;160(3):565-70. PubMed PMID: 27206335
  • Gardner AK, Nepomnayshy D, Reickert C, Gee DW, Brydges R, Korndorffer JR Jr, Scott DJ, Sachdeva AK. The value proposition of simulation. Surgery. 2016 Sep;160(3):546-51. PubMed PMID: 27206331
  • Ahmed RA, Atkinson SS, Gable B, Yee J, Gardner AK. Coaching From the Sidelines: Examining the Impact of Teledebriefing in Simulation-Based Training. Simul Healthc. 2016 Oct;11(5):334-339. PubMed PMID: 27388866
  • Al Fayyadh MJ, Heller SF, Rajab TK, Gardner AK, Bloom JP, Rawlings JA, Mullen JT, Smink DS, Farley DR, Willis RE, Dent DL. Predicting Success of Preliminary Surgical Residents: A Multi-Institutional Study. J Surg Educ. 2016 Nov-Dec;73(6):e77-e83. PubMed PMID: 27395396
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ. Repaying in Kind: Examination of the Reciprocity Effect in Faculty and Resident Evaluations. J Surg Educ. 2016 Nov-Dec;73(6):e91-e94. PubMed PMID: 27211878
  • Ahmed RA, Frey J, Gardner AK, Gordon JA, Yudkowsky R, Tekian A. Characteristics and Core Curricular Elements of Medical Simulation Fellowships in North America. J Grad Med Educ. 2016 May;8(2):252-5. PubMed PMID: 27168898
  • Stoller J, Joseph J, Parodi N, Gardner A. Are There Detrimental Effects From Proficiency-Based Training in Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery Among Novices? An Exploration of Goal Theory. J Surg Educ. 2016 Mar-Apr;73(2):215-21. PubMed PMID: 26597731
  • Gardner AK, Willis RE, Dunkin BJ, Van Sickle KR, Brown KM, Truitt MS, Uecker JM, Gentry L, Scott DJ. What do residents need to be competent laparoscopic and endoscopic surgeons?. Surg Endosc. 2016 Jul;30(7):3050-9. PubMed PMID: 26487226
  • Gardner AK, Jabbour IJ, Williams BH, Huerta S. Different Goals, Different Pathways: The Role of Metacognition and Task Engagement in Surgical Skill Acquisition. J Surg Educ. 2016 Jan-Feb;73(1):61-5. PubMed PMID: 26395402
  • Gardner AK, Diesen DL, Hogg D, Huerta S. The impact of goal setting and goal orientation on performance during a clerkship surgical skills training program. Am J Surg. 2016 Feb;211(2):321-5. PubMed PMID: 26687963
  • Khan U, Atkinson SS, Gable B, Gardner AK, Ahmed RA. Initial validation of a modified suction task training system. Can J Respir Ther. 2015 Winter;51(1):13-7. PubMed PMID: 26078623
  • Gardner AK, Abdelfattah K, Wiersch J, Ahmed RA, Willis RE. Embracing Errors in Simulation-Based Training: The Effect of Error Training on Retention and Transfer of Central Venous Catheter Skills. J Surg Educ. 2015 Nov-Dec;72(6):e158-62. PubMed PMID: 26362712
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ, Pedowitz RA, Sweet RM, Feins RH, Deutsch ES, Sachdeva AK. Best practices across surgical specialties relating to simulation-based training. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1395-402. PubMed PMID: 26169785
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ, Hebert JC, Mellinger JD, Frey-Vogel A, Ten Eyck RP, Davis BR, Sillin LF 3rd, Sachdeva AK. Gearing up for milestones in surgery: Will simulation play a role?. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1421-7. PubMed PMID: 26013987
  • Gardner AK, Lachapelle K, Pozner CN, Sullivan ME, Sutherland D, Scott DJ, Sillin L, Sachdeva AK. Expanding simulation-based education through institution-wide initiatives: A blueprint for success. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1403-7. PubMed PMID: 26013982
  • Guttman O, Gardner A. Personal protective equipment and simulation: use of chemiluminescent glow sticks as a game changer?. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2015 May;41(5):234-5. PubMed PMID: 25977251
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ, Choti MA, Mansour JC. Developing a comprehensive resident education evaluation system in the era of milestone assessment. J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):618-24. PubMed PMID: 25623550
  • Gardner AK, Sudan R, Sidhu R, Mann BD, Scott DJ. The association for surgical education CESERT grant program: the first 15 years. Am J Surg. 2015 Jan;209(1):115-9. PubMed PMID: 25454966
  • Gardner AK, Scott DJ. Concepts for Developing Expert Surgical Teams Using Simulation. Surg Clin North Am. 2015 Aug;95(4):717-28. PubMed PMID: 26210965
  • Gomez PP, Willis RE, Schiffer BL, Gardner AK, Scott DJ. External validation and evaluation of an intermediate proficiency-based knot-tying and suturing curriculum. J Surg Educ. 2014 Nov-Dec;71(6):839-45. PubMed PMID: 24924584
  • Clanton J, Gardner A, Cheung M, Mellert L, Evancho-Chapman M, George RL. The relationship between confidence and competence in the development of surgical skills. J Surg Educ. 2014 May-Jun;71(3):405-12. PubMed PMID: 24797858
  • Gable BD, Gardner AK, Celik DH, Bhalla MC, Ahmed RA. Improving bariatric patient transport and care with simulation. West J Emerg Med. 2014 Mar;15(2):199-204. PubMed PMID: 24672612
  • Gardner A, Rich M. Error management training and simulation education. Clin Teach. 2014 Dec;11(7):537-40. PubMed PMID: 25417983
  • Gardner AK, Ahmed RA, George RL, Frey JA. In situ simulation to assess workplace attitudes and effectiveness in a new facility. Simul Healthc. 2013 Dec;8(6):351-8. PubMed PMID: 24096917
  • King AE, Conrad M, Ahmed RA. Improving collaboration among medical, nursing and respiratory therapy students through interprofessional simulation. J Interprof Care. 2013 May;27(3):269-71. PubMed PMID: 23067325
  • King A, Holder MG Jr, Ahmed RA. Errors as allies: error management training in health professions education. BMJ Qual Saf. 2013 Jun;22(6):516-9. PubMed PMID: 23293120
  • King A, Herb K. Putting the ‘life’ back into work-life balance. Ind Organ Psychol 2012; 50: 25-29.
  • King A, Austin-Odin D, & Lohr JM. Browsing for love in all the wrong places: Does research show that Internet matchmaking is more successful than traditional dating? Skeptic 2009; 15: 48- 55.
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Public Speaking

General Information

Graduate Schools:
  • MA, University of Akron (2010)
  • PhD, University of Akron (2013)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BA, University of Arkansas (AR) (2008)
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Department: Surgery-GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery
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