Sarah Milla, MD
Visiting Professor, Radiology

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Medical School:
  • MD, Duke University School of Medicine (2001)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MA) (1996)
Internship:
  • University of Massachusetts Program (2002)
Residency:
  • New York Presbyterian Hospital (Cornell Campus) Program, Radiology (2006)
Fellowships:
  • Children's Hospital (Boston) Program, Pediatric Radiology (2007)
Department: Radiology

Professional Titles

  • John D. Strain Endowed Chair for Radiology
  • Chief of Pediatric Radiology
  • Vice Chair of Radiology

Recognition & Awards

  • John D. Strain Leadership Award, Society of Chiefs of Radiology at Children's Hospitals (SCORCH) (2019)
    Dr Milla was the inaugural recipient of the SCORCH Leadership Award, reflecting advocacy and leadership in the field of Pediatric Radiology

Publications

  • Joshi A, Heller RE 3rd, Acharya PT, Milla SS, Annam A. Pediatric radiology and advocacy: a professional responsibility. Pediatr Radiol. 2022 Jul;52(8):1412-1419. PubMed PMID: 35438329
  • Abramsky R, Acosta R, Acosta Izquierdo L, Albeshri B, Almouqdad M, Asfour Y, Asfour S, Austin T, Bach A, Barkovich J, Beare R, Ben Fadel N, Berger A, Blanco B, Boomsma M, Bora S, Boswinkel V, Chin T, Collins-Jones L, Cooper R, Dagur G, Davila J, de Vries L, Shesrao L, Dovjak G, Edwards A, El-Dib M, Elshibiny H, Eshel D, Eshel R, Ferriero D, Gano D, Girvan O, Glass H, Goeral K, Golan A, Gurvitz M, Inder T, Jamjoom D, Kadom N, Kasprian G, Khalil T, Klebermass-Schrehof K, Kleinmahon J, Krüse-Ruijter M, Lambing H, Lee S, Leemans A, Leijser L, Lemyre B, Li Y, Maltais-Bilodeau C, Marks K, McCulloch C, Milla S, Miller E, Mishra A, Mitsakakis N, Mohammad K, Tollenaer SM, Munster C, Nijboer J, Nijboer-Oosterveld J, Nijholt I, Novoa R, Ortinau C, Porter E, Prayer D, Reddy D, Redpath S, Rogers E, Schmidbauer V, Scott J, Sewell E, Shany E, Shelef I, Singh E, Slump C, Steele T, Szakmar E, Tax C, Thiim K, Uchitel J, van Osch J, van Wezel-Meijler G, Verschuur A, Wu-Smit MN, Yang E, Zein H. Proceedings of the 13th International Newborn Brain Conference: Neuro-imaging studies. J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2022;15(2):389-409. PubMed PMID: 35431184
  • Li JH, Milla SS, Gombolay GY. Rate of Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in Ovarian Teratomas. Neuropediatrics. 2021 Dec 6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 34872133
  • Eng DK, Khandwala NB, Long J, Fefferman NR, Lala SV, Strubel NA, Milla SS, Filice RW, Sharp SE, Towbin AJ, Francavilla ML, Kaplan SL, Ecklund K, Prabhu SP, Dillon BJ, Everist BM, Anton CG, Bittman ME, Dennis R, Larson DB, Seekins JM, Silva CT, Zandieh AR, Langlotz CP, Lungren MP, Halabi SS. Artificial Intelligence Algorithm Improves Radiologist Performance in Skeletal Age Assessment: A Prospective Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Radiology. 2021 Dec;301(3):692-699. PubMed PMID: 34581608
  • Pfeifer CM, Caré MM, Servaes S, Milla SS. Reply to "Genetics of Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Suspected Child Abuse". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 Oct;217(4):1019-1020. PubMed PMID: 34432500
  • Pfeifer CM, Caré MM, Servaes S, Milla SS. Reply to "Vitamin D Insufficiency Versus Deficiency: An Important Distinction". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 Oct;217(4):1021-1022. PubMed PMID: 34432498
  • Trofimova A, Milla SS, Ryan ME, Pruthi S, Blount JP, Desai NK, Glenn OA, Islam MP, Kadom N, Mirsky DM, Myseros JS, Partap S, Radhakrishnan R, Rose E, Soares BP, Trout AT, Udayasankar UK, Whitehead MT, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Seizures-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2021 May;18(5S):S199-S211. PubMed PMID: 33958113
  • Pfeifer CM, Henry MK, Caré MM, Christian CW, Servaes S, Milla SS, Strouse PJ. Debunking Fringe Beliefs in Child Abuse Imaging: AJR Expert Panel Narrative Review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 Sep;217(3):529-540. PubMed PMID: 33908266
  • Rostad BS, Shah JH, Rostad CA, Jaggi P, Richer EJ, Linam LE, Alazraki AL, Riedesel EL, Milla SS. Chest radiograph features of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) compared to pediatric COVID-19. Pediatr Radiol. 2021 Feb;51(2):231-238. PubMed PMID: 33404786
  • Meda KC, Milla SS, Rostad BS. Artificial intelligence research within reach: an object detection model to identify rickets on pediatric wrist radiographs. Pediatr Radiol. 2021 May;51(5):782-791. PubMed PMID: 33399980
  • Heller RE, Milla SS, Barth RA. Economically Motivated Patient Steerage: The Pediatric Perspective. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020 Aug;17(8):1025-1026. PubMed PMID: 32413351
  • Patel DM, Loewen JM, Braithwaite KA, Milla SS, Richer EJ. Radiographic findings predictive of irreducibility and surgical resection in ileocolic intussusception. Pediatr Radiol. 2020 Aug;50(9):1249-1254. PubMed PMID: 32519054
  • Strouse PJ, Romberg EK, Jarrett DY, Dillman JR, Dessner DA, Reid JR, Milla SS, Heller RE 3rd, DiPietro MA. The continuous lure of pediatric radiology. Pediatr Radiol. 2020 Jan;50(1):3-12. PubMed PMID: 31901987
  • Kelly MM, Cantu C, Richer EJ, Braithwaite KA, Linam LE, Riedesel EL, Loewen J, Simoneaux SF, Milla SS. Incidence and importance of portal venous gas in children with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2020 Jul;50(8):1102-1106. PubMed PMID: 32462306
  • Haston JC, Rostad CA, Jerris RC, Milla SS, McCracken C, Pratt C, Wiley M, Prieto K, Palacios G, Shane AL, McElroy AK. Prospective Cohort Study of Next-Generation Sequencing as a Diagnostic Modality for Unexplained Encephalitis in Children. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2020 Jul 13;9(3):326-333. PubMed PMID: 31107955
  • Ryan ME, Pruthi S, Desai NK, Falcone RA Jr, Glenn OA, Joseph MM, Maheshwari M, Marin JR, Mazzola C, Milla SS, Mirsky DM, Myseros JS, Niogi SN, Partap S, Radhakrishnan R, Robertson RL, Soares BP, Udayasankar UK, Whitehead MT, Wright JN, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Head Trauma-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020 May;17(5S):S125-S137. PubMed PMID: 32370957
  • Robertson RL, Palasis S, Rivkin MJ, Pruthi S, Bartel TB, Desai NK, Kadom N, Kulkarni AV, Lam HFS, Maheshwari M, Milla SS, Mirsky DM, Myseros JS, Partap S, Radhakrishnan R, Soares BP, Trout AT, Udayasankar UK, Whitehead MT, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Cerebrovascular Disease-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020 May;17(5S):S36-S54. PubMed PMID: 32370977
  • Hand IL, Shellhaas RA, Milla SS. Routine Neuroimaging of the Preterm Brain. Pediatrics. 2020 Nov;146(5). PubMed PMID: 33106343
  • Milla SS. Your Diagnostic Partner: The Pediatric Radiologist. Pediatr Ann. 2020 Sep 1;49(9):e369. PubMed PMID: 32929510
  • Mayhew AC, Bost J, Linam L, Milla S, Farahzad M, Childress KJ. Compensatory Ovarian Hypertrophy after Unilateral Oophorectomy: Evaluation of Ovarian Volumes in Pediatric and Adolescent Populations. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2020 Dec;33(6):631-638. PubMed PMID: 32688053
  • Won E, Palma JA, Kaufmann H, Milla SS, Cohen B, Norcliffe-Kaufmann L, Babb JS, Lui YW. Quantitative magnetic resonance evaluation of the trigeminal nerve in familial dysautonomia. Clin Auton Res. 2019 Aug;29(4):469-473. PubMed PMID: 30783821
  • Bertino F, Braithwaite KA, Hawkins CM, Gill AE, Briones MA, Swerdlin R, Milla SS. Congenital Limb Overgrowth Syndromes Associated with Vascular Anomalies. Radiographics. 2019 Mar-Apr;39(2):491-515. PubMed PMID: 30844349
  • Jones JY, Saigal G, Palasis S, Booth TN, Hayes LL, Iyer RS, Kadom N, Kulkarni AV, Milla SS, Myseros JS, Reitman C, Robertson RL, Ryan ME, Schulz J, Soares BP, Tekes A, Trout AT, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Scoliosis-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019 May;16(5S):S244-S251. PubMed PMID: 31054751
  • Kadom N, Palasis S, Pruthi S, Biffl WL, Booth TN, Desai NK, Falcone RA Jr, Jones JY, Joseph MM, Kulkarni AV, Marin JR, Milla SS, Mirsky DM, Myseros JS, Reitman C, Robertson RL, Ryan ME, Saigal G, Schulz J, Soares BP, Tekes A, Trout AT, Whitehead MT, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Suspected Spine Trauma-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019 May;16(5S):S286-S299. PubMed PMID: 31054755
  • Butler KM, Holt PJ, Milla SS, da Silva C, Alexander JJ, Escayg A. Epileptic Encephalopathy and Cerebellar Atrophy Resulting from Compound Heterozygous CACNA2D2 Variants. Case Rep Genet. 2018;2018:6308283. PubMed PMID: 30410802
  • Komarla R, Soares BP, Chern JJ, Milla SS. Spontaneous epidural hematoma secondary to bone infarction in sickle cell anemia: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 Jul;22(1):18-21. PubMed PMID: 29676678
  • Nguyen KM, Vala S, Milla SS, Guglani L. Unilateral lung agenesis, aplasia or hypoplasia: Which one is it?. Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 2018 Mar;58(2):75-76. PubMed PMID: 28742269
  • Hayes LL, Palasis S, Bartel TB, Booth TN, Iyer RS, Jones JY, Kadom N, Milla SS, Myseros JS, Pakalnis A, Partap S, Robertson RL, Ryan ME, Saigal G, Soares BP, Tekes A, Karmazyn BK. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Headache-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 May;15(5S):S78-S90. PubMed PMID: 29724429
  • Rostad BS, Applegate KE, Kim T, Mansour RM, Milla SS. Multiphase acquisitions in pediatric abdominal-pelvic CT are a common practice and contribute to unnecessary radiation dose. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Nov;48(12):1714-1723. PubMed PMID: 29980861
  • Tekes A, Palasis S, Durand DJ, Pruthi S, Booth TN, Desai NK, Jones JY, Kadom N, Lam HFS, Milla SS, Mirsky DM, Partap S, Robertson RL, Ryan ME, Saigal G, Setzen G, Soares BP, Trout AT, Whitehead MT, Karmazyn B. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Sinusitis-Child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Nov;15(11S):S403-S412. PubMed PMID: 30392608
  • Hatzenbuehler LA, Tobin-D'Angelo M, Drenzek C, Peralta G, Cranmer LC, Anderson EJ, Milla SS, Abramowicz S, Yi J, Hilinski J, Rajan R, Whitley MK, Gower V, Berkowitz F, Shapiro CA, Williams JK, Harmon P, Shane AL. Pediatric Dental Clinic-Associated Outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus Infection. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2017 Sep 1;6(3):e116-e122. PubMed PMID: 28903524
  • Schaffer LR, Caltharp SA, Milla SS, Kogon BF, Cundiff CA, Dalal A, Quigley PC, Shehata BM. Rare presentation of four primary pediatric cardiac tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2016 Jan-Feb;25(1):72-7. PubMed PMID: 26419627
  • Tyagi V, Bornstein E, Schacht R, Lala S, Milla S. Fetal and Postnatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Unilateral Cystic Renal Dysplasia in a Neonate with Tuberous Sclerosis. Pediatr Neonatol. 2016 Oct;57(5):440-443. PubMed PMID: 24495558
  • Kim I, Torrey SB, Milla SS, Torch MC, Tunik MG, Foltin JC. Benefits of brain magnetic resonance imaging over computed tomography in children requiring emergency evaluation of ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction: reducing lifetime attributable risk of cancer. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Apr;31(4):239-42. PubMed PMID: 25188755
  • Jelescu IO, Veraart J, Adisetiyo V, Milla SS, Novikov DS, Fieremans E. One diffusion acquisition and different white matter models: how does microstructure change in human early development based on WMTI and NODDI?. Neuroimage. 2015 Feb 15;107:242-256. PubMed PMID: 25498427
  • Tulin-Silver S, Babb J, Pinkney L, Strubel N, Lala S, Milla SS, Tomita S, Fefferman NR. The challenging ultrasound diagnosis of perforated appendicitis in children: constellations of sonographic findings improve specificity. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Jun;45(6):820-30. PubMed PMID: 25471754
  • Senaldi L, Gopi RP, Milla S, Shah B. Is ultrasound useful in the diagnosis of adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome?. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2015 May;28(5-6):605-12. PubMed PMID: 25381947
  • Martin JS, Zagzag D, Egan M, Milla S, Harter D, Lighter-Fisher J. Intracranial Mycobacterium abscessus infection in a healthy toddler. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015 Feb;34(2):223-4. PubMed PMID: 25144796
  • Paydar A, Fieremans E, Nwankwo JI, Lazar M, Sheth HD, Adisetiyo V, Helpern JA, Jensen JH, Milla SS. Diffusional kurtosis imaging of the developing brain. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Apr;35(4):808-14. PubMed PMID: 24231848
  • Chandarana H, Block KT, Winfeld MJ, Lala SV, Mazori D, Giuffrida E, Babb JS, Milla SS. Free-breathing contrast-enhanced T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging with radial k-space sampling for paediatric abdominopelvic MRI. Eur Radiol. 2014 Feb;24(2):320-6. PubMed PMID: 24220754
  • Legault G, Kieran MW, Scott RM, Chordas C, Milla SS, Karajannis MA. Recurrent ascites in a patient with low-grade astrocytoma and ventriculo-peritoneal shunt treated with the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014 Nov;36(8):e533-5. PubMed PMID: 24351969
  • Pasquale-Styles MA, Crowder CM, Fridie J, Milla SS. Bilateral first rib anomalous articulations with pseudarthroses mimicking healing fractures in an infant with abusive head injury. J Forensic Sci. 2014 Nov;59(6):1668-71. PubMed PMID: 25382601
  • Karajannis MA, Legault G, Fisher MJ, Milla SS, Cohen KJ, Wisoff JH, Harter DH, Goldberg JD, Hochman T, Merkelson A, Bloom MC, Sievert AJ, Resnick AC, Dhall G, Jones DT, Korshunov A, Pfister SM, Eberhart CG, Zagzag D, Allen JC. Phase II study of sorafenib in children with recurrent or progressive low-grade astrocytomas. Neuro Oncol. 2014 Oct;16(10):1408-16. PubMed PMID: 24803676
  • Saha A, Dandekar S, Milla S, Roman E, Bhatla T. Bilateral parotid gland enlargement and palpable nephromegaly in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia: case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014 Apr;36(3):246-8. PubMed PMID: 24309613
  • Shekhtman Y, Kim I, Riviello JJ Jr, Milla SS, Weiner HL. Focal resection of leptomeningeal angioma in a rare case of Sturge-Weber syndrome without facial nevus. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2013;49(2):99-104. PubMed PMID: 24434861
  • Hersh DS, Chun J, Weiner HL, Pulitzer S, Rusinek H, Roth J, Devinsky O, Milla SS. Longitudinal quantitative analysis of the tuber-to-brain proportion in patients with tuberous sclerosis. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Jul;12(1):71-6. PubMed PMID: 23662930
  • Chalifoux JR, Perry N, Katz JS, Wiggins GC, Roth J, Miles D, Devinsky O, Weiner HL, Milla SS. The ability of high field strength 7-T magnetic resonance imaging to reveal previously uncharacterized brain lesions in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Mar;11(3):268-73. PubMed PMID: 23289918
  • Winfeld M, Strubel N, Pinkney L, Lala S, Milla S, Babb J, Fefferman N. Relative distribution of pertinent findings on portable neonatal abdominal radiographs: can we shield the gonads?. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Oct;43(10):1295-302. PubMed PMID: 23636540
  • Wu WE, Kirov II, Tal A, Babb JS, Milla S, Oved J, Weiner HL, Devinsky O, Gonen O. Brain MR spectroscopic abnormalities in "MRI-negative" tuberous sclerosis complex patients. Epilepsy Behav. 2013 May;27(2):319-25. PubMed PMID: 23524469
  • Vaughn J, Hagiwara M, Katz J, Roth J, Devinsky O, Weiner H, Milla S. MRI characterization and longitudinal study of focal cerebellar lesions in a young tuberous sclerosis cohort. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013 Mar;34(3):655-9. PubMed PMID: 22954744
  • Rosenberg RE, Egan M, Rodgers S, Harter D, Burnside RD, Milla S, Pappas J. Complex chromosome rearrangement of 6p25.3->p23 and 12q24.32->qter in a child with moyamoya. Pediatrics. 2013 Jun;131(6):e1996-2001. PubMed PMID: 23713105
  • Winfeld M, Patel P, Shah B, Nass R, Milla S. Early occurrence of cerebral white matter abnormality detected in a neonate with salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2013;26(1-2):13-7. PubMed PMID: 23382298
  • Katz JS, Milla SS, Wiggins GC, Devinsky O, Weiner HL, Roth J. Intraventricular lesions in tuberous sclerosis complex: a possible association with the caudate nucleus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Apr;9(4):406-13. PubMed PMID: 22462706
  • Milla SS, Coley BD, Karmazyn B, Dempsey-Robertson ME, Dillman JR, Dory CE, Garber M, Hayes LL, Keller MS, Meyer JS, Paidas C, Raske ME, Rigsby CK, Spottswood S, Strouse PJ, Widmann RF, Wootton-Gorges SL. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® limping child--ages 0 to 5 years. J Am Coll Radiol. 2012 Aug;9(8):545-53. PubMed PMID: 22863462
  • Wassong C, Shah B, Kanayama M, Bjarnason H, Milla SS. Radiologic findings of pelvic venous congestion in an adolescent girl with angiographic confirmation and interventional treatment. Pediatr Radiol. 2012 May;42(5):636-40. PubMed PMID: 21912968
  • Meyer JS, Gunderman R, Coley BD, Bulas D, Garber M, Karmazyn B, Keller MS, Kulkarni AV, Milla SS, Myseros JS, Paidas C, Pizzutillo PD, Podberesky DJ, Prince JS, Ragheb J. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) on suspected physical abuse-child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2011 Feb;8(2):87-94. PubMed PMID: 21292182
  • Pawar RV, Hagiwara M, Milla S, Wisoff J, George AE. Eosinophilic granuloma presenting as post-traumatic scalp hematoma with epidural hemorrhage. A case report. Neuroradiol J. 2011 Oct 31;24(5):767-71. PubMed PMID: 24059774
  • Filatov A, Milla S, Shekdar K, Hygino da Cruz C Jr, Fatterpekar GM. Imaging features of acquired pediatric metabolic and toxic white matter disorders. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Oct;22(5):239-50. PubMed PMID: 24562093
  • Milla SS, Arnold RW. The new pediatric radiologist. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Apr;40(4):488-90. PubMed PMID: 20225109
  • Park J, Hemani M, Milla SS, Rivera R, Nadler E, Alukal JP. Incarcerated Amyand's hernia in a premature infant associated with circumcision: a case report and literature review. Hernia. 2010 Dec;14(6):639-42. PubMed PMID: 20012455
  • Kopec M, Rosenkrantz AB, Rivera R, Wells JL, Berg RE, Milla SS. Case report: MRI appearance of isolated fallopian tube torsion in an adolescent with a congenital Müllerian duct anomaly and ispilateral renal agenesis. Clin Radiol. 2010 Jan;65(1):89-93. PubMed PMID: 20103428
  • Bornstein E, Boozarjomehri F, Monteagudo A, Santos R, Milla SS, Timor-Tritsch IE. Diagnostic and prognostic aspects in the sonographic evaluation of a fetus with an oral mass. J Ultrasound Med. 2009 May;28(5):689-93. PubMed PMID: 19389910
  • Milla SS, Chow JS, Lebowitz RL. Imaging of hypospadias: pre- and postoperative appearances. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Feb;38(2):202-8. PubMed PMID: 18071684
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Practice Locations

Children's Hospital Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
13123 East 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045
720-777-1234

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Diagnostic

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Duke University School of Medicine (2001)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MA) (1996)
Internships:
  • University of Massachusetts Program (2002)
Residency Programs:
  • New York Presbyterian Hospital (Cornell Campus) Program, Radiology (2006)
Fellowships:
  • Children's Hospital (Boston) Program, Pediatric Radiology (2007)
Department: Radiology
Contact Us
CU Anschutz
Fitzsimons Building

13001 East 17th Place
Campus Box C290
Aurora, CO 80045

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