Santos Franco, PhD
Associate Professor, Pediatrics-Developmental Biology

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Graduate School :
  • PhD, University of Wisconsin - Madison (2005)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, Colorado State University (CO) (2000)
Department: Pediatrics-Developmental Biology

Professional Titles

  • Assistant Professor


  • Hoff KJ, Aiken JE, Gutierrez MA, Franco SJ, Moore JK. TUBA1A tubulinopathy mutants disrupt neuron morphogenesis and override XMAP215/Stu2 regulation of microtubule dynamics. Elife. 2022 May 5;11. PubMed PMID: 35511030
  • Kleinjan MS, Buchta WC, Ogelman R, Hwang IW, Kuwajima M, Hubbard DD, Kareemo DJ, Prikhodko O, Olah SL, Gomez Wulschner LE, Abraham WC, Franco SJ, Harris KM, Oh WC, Kennedy MJ. Dually innervated dendritic spines develop in the absence of excitatory activity and resist plasticity through tonic inhibitory crosstalk. Neuron. 2022 Nov 11. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 36395772
  • Winkler CC, Franco SJ. Loss of Shh signaling in the neocortex reveals heterogeneous cell recovery responses from distinct oligodendrocyte populations. Dev Biol. 2019 Aug 1;452(1):55-65. PubMed PMID: 31071314
  • Gutierrez MA, Dwyer BE, Franco SJ. Csmd2 Is a Synaptic Transmembrane Protein that Interacts with PSD-95 and Is Required for Neuronal Maturation. eNeuro. 2019 Mar Apr;6(2). PubMed PMID: 31068362
  • Fregoso SP, Dwyer BE, Franco SJ. Lmx1a drives Cux2 expression in the cortical hem through activation of a conserved intronic enhancer. Development. 2019 Mar 7;146(5). PubMed PMID: 30770393
  • Winkler CC, Yabut OR, Fregoso SP, Gomez HG, Dwyer BE, Pleasure SJ, Franco SJ. The Dorsal Wave of Neocortical Oligodendrogenesis Begins Embryonically and Requires Multiple Sources of Sonic Hedgehog. J Neurosci. 2018 Jun 6;38(23):5237-5250. PubMed PMID: 29739868
  • Kazmierczak M, Kazmierczak P, Peng AW, Harris SL, Shah P, Puel JL, Lenoir M, Franco SJ, Schwander M. Pejvakin, a Candidate Stereociliary Rootlet Protein, Regulates Hair Cell Function in a Cell-Autonomous Manner. J Neurosci. 2017 Mar 29;37(13):3447-3464. PubMed PMID: 28209736
  • Martinez-Garay I, Gil-Sanz C, Franco SJ, Espinosa A, Molnár Z, Mueller U. Cadherin 2/4 signaling via PTP1B and catenins is crucial for nucleokinesis during radial neuronal migration in the neocortex. Development. 2016 Jun 15;143(12):2121-34. PubMed PMID: 27151949
  • Gil-Sanz C, Espinosa A, Fregoso SP, Bluske KK, Cunningham CL, Martinez-Garay I, Zeng H, Franco SJ, Müller U. Lineage Tracing Using Cux2-Cre and Cux2-CreERT2 Mice. Neuron. 2015 May 20;86(4):1091-9. PubMed PMID: 25996136
  • Trotter J, Lee GH, Kazdoba TM, Crowell B, Domogauer J, Mahoney HM, Franco SJ, Müller U, Weeber EJ, D'Arcangelo G. Dab1 is required for synaptic plasticity and associative learning. J Neurosci. 2013 Sep 25;33(39):15652-68. PubMed PMID: 24068831
  • Gil-Sanz C, Franco SJ, Martinez-Garay I, Espinosa A, Harkins-Perry S, Müller U. Cajal-Retzius cells instruct neuronal migration by coincidence signaling between secreted and contact-dependent guidance cues. Neuron. 2013 Aug 7;79(3):461-77. PubMed PMID: 23931996
  • Franco SJ, Müller U. Shaping our minds: stem and progenitor cell diversity in the mammalian neocortex. Neuron. 2013 Jan 9;77(1):19-34. PubMed PMID: 23312513
  • Brunne B, Franco S, Bouché E, Herz J, Howell BW, Pahle J, Müller U, May P, Frotscher M, Bock HH. Role of the postnatal radial glial scaffold for the development of the dentate gyrus as revealed by Reelin signaling mutant mice. Glia. 2013 Aug;61(8):1347-63. PubMed PMID: 23828756
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General Information

Graduate Schools:
  • PhD, University of Wisconsin - Madison (2005)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, Colorado State University (CO) (2000)
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Department: Pediatrics-Developmental Biology
Contact Us
CU Anschutz
Fitzsimons Building

13001 East 17th Place
Campus Box C290
Aurora, CO 80045

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